## Arabic 123: The Numbers in the Arabic Language

Arabic, a Semitic language spoken by millions around the world, uses a unique system for writing numbers. Unlike the Western world's Hindu-Arabic numeral system (1, 2, 3...), Arabic employs a distinct set of symbols.

### The Arabic Numerals

Here's a table showing the Arabic numerals from 0 to 9:

Arabic Numeral | Western Equivalent |
---|---|

٠ | 0 |

١ | 1 |

٢ | 2 |

٣ | 3 |

٤ | 4 |

٥ | 5 |

٦ | 6 |

٧ | 7 |

٨ | 8 |

٩ | 9 |

### Writing Numbers in Arabic

Arabic numbers are formed by combining these symbols. The system is similar to the Roman numeral system, with each symbol representing a specific value. For instance:

**10**is written as**١٠****20**is written as**٢٠****100**is written as**١٠٠**

### Differences from Western Numerals

There are a few key differences between Arabic and Western numerals:

**Direction:**Arabic numbers are written from right to left, like the Arabic language itself. This can be confusing for those used to reading from left to right.**Shapes:**The symbols for Arabic numerals are distinct from the Western numerals.**Zero:**The symbol for zero in Arabic (٠) is a small circle, differing from the Western "0".

### Practical Applications

Understanding Arabic numerals is essential for various purposes:

**Reading Arabic:**Many signs, documents, and publications utilize Arabic numerals.**Mathematics:**Arabic numerals are used in mathematical equations and calculations.**Technology:**Computers and other digital devices commonly use Arabic numerals.

### Conclusion

The Arabic numbering system is a unique and integral part of the language and culture. By understanding its structure and differences from Western numerals, individuals can navigate Arabic text, mathematics, and digital interactions more effectively.