2d Film

5 min read Jul 07, 2024
2d Film

2D Film: A Traditional Animation Technique

What is 2D Film?

2D film, also known as traditional animation, is a technique of creating motion pictures by manipulating flat, two-dimensional images. This technique has been used in film production for over a century, and it is still widely used today.

History of 2D Film

The history of 2D film dates back to the early 1900s, when animators began experimenting with hand-drawn images to create the illusion of movement. One of the earliest examples of 2D animation is the short film "Fantasmagorie," created by French caricaturist Émile Cohl in 1908. Since then, 2D film has evolved to become a popular technique in the animation industry.

How 2D Film is Made

The process of creating a 2D film involves several stages:


The first stage of creating a 2D film is to develop a storyboard, which is a visual representation of the sequence of events in the film.

Character Design

The next stage is to design the characters and props that will be used in the film.

Keyframe Animation

The keyframe animation stage involves drawing key frames, or key poses, of the characters and props. These key frames are then used to create the illusion of movement.


The in-betweening stage involves filling in the missing frames between the key frames to create a smooth motion.

Background Painting

The background painting stage involves creating the backgrounds for each scene in the film.


The final stage is to composite all the elements together, including the characters, props, and backgrounds, to create the final film.

Characteristics of 2D Film

2D film has several characteristics that distinguish it from other animation techniques:

Flat, Two-Dimensional Images

2D film uses flat, two-dimensional images that are manipulated to create the illusion of movement.

Hand-Drawn Images

2D film typically uses hand-drawn images, although computer-generated images may also be used.

Limited Depth

2D film has limited depth, as it is created on a flat plane.

Advantages of 2D Film

2D film has several advantages over other animation techniques:


2D film is often less expensive to produce than 3D film, as it requires less equipment and software.


2D film allows for greater flexibility in terms of style and design.


2D film can be timeless, as it is not dependent on current technology or trends.

Famous 2D Films

Some famous 2D films include:

Disney Classics

Disney classics such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Bambi (1942), and Cinderella (1950) are all examples of 2D film.

Looney Tunes

Looney Tunes cartoons, such as Bugs Bunny and Tom and Jerry, are also examples of 2D film.

Japanese Anime

Japanese anime, such as Dragon Ball and Naruto, are often created using 2D film techniques.


2D film is a traditional animation technique that has been used for over a century. It involves manipulating flat, two-dimensional images to create the illusion of movement. While it has been largely replaced by 3D film and computer-generated imagery, 2D film still has its advantages and is widely used today.